There was a time in Texas history -- from just before the days of the republic up until 1923 -- when death sentences were carried out by local authorities. Back then the method of executing a convicted criminal was by hanging.
During that time, 467 people were executed this way, 60 percent of which were African-American. Eighteen were hanged in Harris County. The executions were an event, with thousands gathering outside to catch a glimpse of the condemned or to hear his final words. Such scenes played out often in the 122 Texas counties that performed executions.